TABLE OF CONTENTS
- What is a Web Developer?
- Front End Web Developers
- Back End Web Developers
- Full Stack Web Developers
What is a Web Developer?
If you’ve gone down even the shallowest Google rabbit aperture regarding tech jobs, you’ve visually perceived this designation. And if you’ve dug just a little further you’ve probably additionally optically discerned designations like “front end developer,” “back end developer,” and “full stack developer” (all without an abundance of pellucidity as to what they genuinely MEAN).
So what IS a web developer? Are all those other roles cognate? And how does any of this relate to YOU transitioning to a vocation in tech? Let’s start with the fundamentals.
WEB DEVELOPER: A DEFINITION
It’s authentically as simple as that. Developers take the visions and plans engendered by web designers (a separate, but cognate role) and use code to turn those designs into what you optically discern on your phone, tablet, or computer screen. Since web development is THE cornerstone of all things tech (no websites, no mobile apps, no internet), you can optically discern why this role is in high demand (and how kenning web developer skills will make you illimitably hirable).
Meanwhile, it’s precisely that demand that makes web development a flexible ingress point for tech tyros. Everyone requires a functional website (from your friend’s aliment truck to Facebook and Google) and that signifies there’s plenty of work to circumvent for web developers of all adeptness and experience levels.
Sold? Great! But now what? Well, next it’s paramount to note that—underneath the tent of “web development”—there are some concrete developer categories. The immensely colossal three include:
- Front end web developers
- Back and web developers
- Full stack web developers
If you’re fascinated with learning more about becoming a web developer you’ll need to learn what kind of jobs are associated with each category, what skills they require, and who each of these roles is best suited for. Aaaand, you conjectured it, That’s precisely what we’re covering next.
Front End Web Developers
WHAT IS A FRONT END WEB DEVELOPER?
Every single website needs a front end, bringing us back to the conception that front end web developers can jump into more minute freelance jobs with fundamental skills as they build toward more perplexed jobs and higher profile clients.
WHO SHOULD BE A FRONT END DEVELOPER?
OK, this one’s facile. As we mentioned, front end web development is THE place to commence if you’re incipient to tech. So…pretty much everybody! For what purport?
Because you can learn the most fundamental skills needed for front end development in a matter of months, and then leverage those skills into paid work. But front end development will additionally give you room to grow. After you learn the rudiments, there are plenty of adscititious skills you can integrate to your repertoire that will make you even more hirable and let you take on more astronomically immense and higher paying jobs.
WHAT ARE FRONT END WEB DEVELOPER SKILLS?
You can read even more about front end web developer skills here, but the most fundamental skills are front end coding languages. These include:
- HTML—HTML is a markup language used to format and arrange web pages
- CSS—CSS is HTML’s sister language, used to integrate style (colors, fonts, etc.) to those formatted web pages
- React JS
- These languages and libraries, along with sundry best QA, project tracking, and bug testing practices, are the substructure of front end web development.
Back End Web Developers
WHAT IS A BACK END WEB DEVELOPER?
Ok, if front end developers build the visible components of websites and apps, back end web developers do the opposite—they’re responsible for building and maintaining the “under the hood” infrastructure that sanctions websites and mobile apps to function. What does that infrastructure look homogeneous to, you ask? It includes things like:
- Databases—applications that store the data websites use for dynamic updates (e.g. when a banking website provides you with genuine time account information)
- Server scripts—coding injuctive authorizations that sanction a website or app to communicate with and retrieve data from external servers and databases
- APIs (Application Programming Interfaces)—sets of routines, protocols, and implements that let applications communicate across platforms (when you apportion an article from a blog to Facebook or Twitter utilizing a “share” button, it’s an API that makes the magic transpire).
Because the average mom and pop website authentically only needs to worry about their front end (the back end is conventionally managed through a hosting accommodation), back end development has fewer opportunities for ingression level freelance work. Back end development is generally the domain of programmers working for more sizably voluminous companies.
WHO SHOULD BE A BACK END DEVELOPER?
While there are always exceptions, in most cases it’s best to pursue back end development if you’ve already been around the tech block a few times. Because of the specialized nature of the work, it’s harder to get a foothold when you’re just starting to build your skills. That verbalized, once you’ve learned the front end fundamentals and you’re yare for an incipient challenge, there’s no reason you shouldn’t learn some back end skills. A well rounded resume never hurts, and you might find that back end is authentically your thing.
WHAT ARE BACK END WEB DEVELOPER SKILLS?
Just like front end web development, back end development has its own set of coding languages that make up the core of back end skills. These include:
Python—a popular and facile to utilize programming language utilized for back end scripting
PHP—a back end scripting language commonly utilized for requesting server content
Ruby on Rails—a web framework for the Ruby programming language, sanctioning it to be utilized for building back end infrastructure
SQL—an industry standard coding language utilized for managing databases
In additament to these languages, it’s paramount for back end developers to be habituated with REST (Representational State Transfer) and SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol). These are two examples of what devs relish to call “API architectures”—in other words, platforms utilized for building and managing APIs.
Full Stack Web Developers
WHAT IS A FULL STACK WEB DEVELOPER?
Now that you ken the distinction between a front end web developer and a back end web developer, it’s fairly facile to understand what a full stack web developer is.
Full stack developers are simply web developers with a full complement of front end AND back end skills (they’re the quintessential “unicorn” candidates you may have aurally perceived dev types verbalize about). Due to being versed in both sides of the development process, full stack developers can theoretically contribute anywhere as needed on a development team. In fact, some astronomically immense tech companies like Facebook have a reputation for actively seeking out full stack developers with the conception that they make for the most multifarious job candidates (the term “full stack developer” was canonized in a 2010 post by Facebook engineer Carlos Bueno).
WHO SHOULD BE A FULL STACK DEVELOPER?
Sooo, does the above designate that full stack web development should be the ultimate aim of all web developers? Eh, not authentically. If you DO want to work for a major tech company like Facebook, then sure, fleshing out as many front end AND back end skills as you can is one of the most direct ways to get there. But the great thing about tech is that it’s not one size fits all. If you optate to work in sizably voluminous tech then by all denotes, follow your dream, but if you optate the flexibility that comes with doing freelance front end work, that option is all yours, additionally. It’s plenarily up to what kind of work appeals to YOU.
What to Include in Your Web Developer Portfolio
An About Page—In additament to samples of your work, your web developer portfolio needs an About Page to give your work context (and let clients ken how to reach you!). Cerebrate of this as a mini-resume where you can include:
Who you are
What kind of work you do
A list of your specialized developer skills
Work Samples—This is where you include samples of work you’ve done ala the examples included below
Testimonials—Throw in some pull quotes from satiated customers. If you haven’t done paid work yet, ask for testimonials from instructors or anyone else who can verbalize with your skills.
Links to Your Work on Other Sites—If you have adscititious work on platforms like Github or Codepen, be sure to link to those sites in your portfolio
Web Developer Job Trends
The below table illustrates the number of jobs in different locations in the US according to Indeed.com.
|New York, NY||1426|
|San Francisco, CA||1036|
According to US Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of web developers is projected to grow 15 percent from 2016 to 2026, much more expeditious than the average for all vocations. Withal, an incrementation in the utilization of mobile contrivances to probe the web will lead to incremented demand for web developers.
Now, let’s have a visual examination of the number of jobs in different locations in India according to Indeed.com.
|Chennai, Tamil Nadu||2318|
These are the number of jobs available for a web developer in the US and India. Now, let’s move ahead and have an optical canvassing of the different salary trends of a web developer.
Web Developer Salary Trends
The Average Web Developer Salary in India is Rs 308,656.
The Average Salary of a Web Developer in US is $59,108.
Web Developer Salary by State
Here is a list of Web developer salaries for different states in the US with tech hubs or a high ratio of Web development job apertures.
|San Francisco, California||$80,547|
|New York, NY||$68,572|
|Los Angeles, California||$65,121|
The average earning of web developers for different states in India are:
|Chennai, Tamil Nadu||₹313,677|
Company Based Salary of a Web Developer
There is an astronomically immense magnification in the employment percentage of Web Developers for Multi-national Companies. Here is a list of top companies and their average salary for the role of a Web Developer:
Popular Skills for Web Developer
Web Developer Salary by Experience
Here is a list of different calibers of Web developers predicated on their years of experience and the average income.
|Level of Experience||Average Salary|
|Entry-level Front End Developer (Less than 1 year)||₹224,667|
|Early career Front End Developer ( 1 to 4 years)||₹304,957|
|Mid-career Front End Developer (5 to 9 years)||₹602,911|
|Experienced Front End Developer (10 to 19 years)||₹999,984|
If you are someone looking to get into a fascinating vocation, now would be the right time to up-adeptness and capitalize on the Web Development vocation opportunities that come your way.